In African societies, women have always played a leading role in family stability and economic development. However, they participate less in national decision-making because of cultural and religious prejudices. Thus, the woman, because of stereotypes, is often perceived as mother, wife ... and is confined to domestic and reproductive activities Sow, 1992. This deprives women of their spirit of initiative and makes them dependent, in African societies , men. The crisis experienced by African economies, impoverishment and the reduction of resources in families push women to simplify their search for income to allow them to meet the needs of the family, in addition to the contribution of men.mes.
They are called upon to play a role in business creation. However, what motivates women entrepreneurs in Africa is the need, that is to say, the will to get out and provide for the needs of the family in the long term. This is essentially based on solidarity and mutual aid. That is to say that women entrepreneurs essentially embark on small-scale projects and very often in the informal sector. Women undertake primarily in local activities, at the level of a territory. They are mostly found in personal services, hotels and restaurants, commerce, health, recreational, cultural and sporting activities. They are carriers of social innovations.ons sociales.
Women face many obstacles in starting a business: lack of training in starting a business; they provide a certain number of family responsibilities and must constantly organize themselves to reconcile professional and family life; the women censor themselves.ent.
However, overcoming these difficulties should constitute an important prospect for self-employment in economies characterized by high unemployment. African society increasingly accepts women entrepreneurs who see them as capable women. Men are more willing to develop management models based on authority and hierarchy. Women generally use models of negotiated authority and delegation. They are therefore more attentive, delegate more and manage conflicts better. In addition, they will tend to share their working time, to associate with people with complementary skills, to work in networks and in partnership.nariat.
Much of the research on female entrepreneurship has been conducted primarily in developed economies and marginally in developing countries, such as Senegal. However, several studies have shown that offering women the opportunity to start a business would have a positive impact on society, in general and on the family in particular Tayeb, 2005. Women in Senegal represent 60 of the working population and only 0.5 of them are employers and business owners. Their low level of qualification and economic resources hamper their role as economic promoters. Difficulties in accessing credit and guarantees penalized the development of their economic activity because of their limited income from their productive activity.oductive.
Our Cooperative aims to help and promote female entrepreneurship in Senegal:
Foster and promote the assumption of responsibility of women entrepreneurs in socio-economic life and the strengthening of their presence in decision-making bodies at local, regional and national level;
Promote the role of women entrepreneurs in economic life, in particular with the public authorities, as well as ensure the representation of women within public or private bodies and entities;
Promote solidarity, friendship and the sharing of experiences to project leaders and business creators in order to provide them with support in the creation or takeover of a business;
To do this, we are putting in place mechanisms allowing regular exchange, facilitating training, support and financial aid in the context of creation, development, sharing our experiences, training and informing, implementing light of actions carried out by women.